Many people have probably heard of Morocco, of its delicious food, it’s people, it’s culture, it’s diverse and beautiful cities but few actually know where it is located. Here in this article discover the basic things there is to know about Morocco starting by where it is situated.
Where is Morocco on the world map? Is Morocco in Africa or in Europe?
Morocco is a country in North Africa, located in the Maghreb and is one of the most western countries in Africa. In Arabic, the country is called “Al-Maghrib”.
Situated in North-West Africa, Morocco is bordered to the north by the Strait of Gibraltar and the Mediterranean Sea, to the south by Mauritania, to the east by Algeria and to the west by the Atlantic Ocean.
The Moroccan coast extends over 3500 km. it is notably characterized by mountainous or desert areas and is one of the only countries – along with Spain and France – to have coastlines on the Mediterranean Sea on one side and the Atlantic Ocean on the other.
What is the population and surface area of Morocco?
People don’t only ask where is Morocco, they also wonder about Morocco’s population. Morocco has approximately 36 million inhabitants and a surface area of 446,550 km2, or 710,850 km2 including Western Sahara.
It has also the largest plains and the highest mountains in North Africa. The country’s relief is marked by four major systems: the Rif, the Middle Atlas, the High Atlas, and the Anti-Atlas.
What is the capital of Morocco?
The capital of Morocco is Rabat. For centuries, the capital of Morocco was the beautiful city of Fez. But in 1912, a French general, a certain Hubert Lyautey, chose the city of Rabat as the administrative capital of the French protectorate in Morocco.
However, for your information, the Rabat conurbation, with more than 3 million inhabitants, is the second-biggest city of Morocco after Casablanca, located 80 km south on the Atlantic coast. Casablanca remains the economic capital and the most populated city in Morocco.
What are the names of some of the principal and well-known Moroccan cities?
Morocco has a lot of beautiful and diverse cities because of its rich culture and unique geography that puts Morocco in the center of the world. Each city is different and has its own vibe. Here are the names of some principal and well-known Moroccan cities: Marrakech, Casablanca, Agadir, Fez, Rabat, Essaouira, Ouarzazate, Chefchaouen, Tangier, and so on.
Discover here the top 10 most visited cities in Morocco!
What is the Moroccan flag? What does the Moroccan flag look like?
Not only do few people know where Morocco is, but few know its flag nor its meaning. The Moroccan flag is the emblem of the Kingdom of Morocco.
The background color of the Moroccan flag is red, which represents the color of the Alaouites (the last and current dynasty of Morocco). In the center of the flag, there is a five-pointed green star.
The color green of the star is synonymous with hope but is also the color of Islam.
The five branches of the pentacle evoke the 5 pillars of Islam:
- Pilgrimage to Mecca
- Zakat (alms-giving).
What currency is used in Morocco?
The currency of Morocco is the Moroccan dirham (Dh). It is the official currency of Morocco, abbreviated to MAD. In mid-2018 and until 2020, 1 euro is worth around 11 dirhams, a rate that has been fairly stable for years.
What is the language spoken in Morocco?
A number of languages are spoken in the North African country of Morocco. Arabic and Berber are the official languages of Morocco. Statistics show that most people in Morocco are multilingual. The presence of several dialects, as evidenced by the existence of classical Arabic, standard Arabic and Moroccan Arabic, in addition to the various Berber dialects, has contributed to the linguistic complexity of the country. Other foreign languages spoken in the country include French (which the vast majority of them understand), Spanish in northern Morocco, while English is an international language used by young educated people in Morocco.
Who is ruling Morocco?
The King of Morocco is the Head of State of Morocco, within the framework of the constitutional monarchy defined in the Moroccan Constitution, article 41 of which makes him the Commander of the Faithful (Amir Al Mouminine), responsible for the religious domain. The current King of Morocco, who was enthroned on 30 July 1999, is Mohammed VI.
Moroccan sovereigns have held the title of “king” since 1957, in the past, they were “sultan”. Succession to the throne is hereditary but was subject to several manipulations between 1907 and 1955 as a result of the French occupation.
The King of Morocco combines political and religious functions. The King of Morocco is the spiritual leader of Muslim Moroccans since the Alawite dynasty claims to be descended from the Muslim prophet Mohamed.
What is the religion practiced in Morocco?
Morocco today is an almost totally Muslim country. More than 98% of the Moroccan population is of Sunni and Malekite rite like most North Africans. There are also Christians and more Moroccan Jews in Morocco than some may think, as there is a deep history between Morocco and the Jews…
What is the weather like in Morocco?
Although being an African country, and now that you know where Morocco is located, the weather differs greatly according to the seasons because of its geography. The dominant climate in Morocco is the Mediterranean; tempered in the west and north by the Atlantic Ocean.
Inland, the climate is more continental with significant temperature variations. The Atlas area is humid and snow is frequent. The South has a desert climate.
Well-known for its hospitality, sun, and food, Morocco is definitely one of the best and beautiful countries in the world to visit. Forbes Magazine even talked about the fact that one of Morocco’s cities is among the best destinations in the world to visit in 2020 ahead of Australia, Thailand, and even Tokyo!
A lot of people love morocco even if some people are wondering about its safety. However, now that you know where is Morocco, you should definitely add to your knowledge it is actually a travel destination and a beautiful country that must be visited in someone’s life. It is full of a huge and charming culture that is highly appreciated and loved all over the world. Whether it is food, Moroccan craftsmanship, history, traditions, tourist sites, and even people, Morocco is certainly one of the most beautiful cities in the world.